What’s the framework in training and why do we want it?
You probably first learned the term before you started teaching. And then you probably started using the concept without even realizing it. But you may still be wondering, “What is a framework in education?”
To start with, here’s a little background. In the 1930s, Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed the concept of “Zone of Proximal Development” or ZPD and found that the correct way to test young students is to assess their ability to solve problems both independently and with the help of a teacher to solve, test.
In 1976, Vygotsky’s work was revived by the researchers David Wood, Gail Ross and Jerome Bruner, who coined the term “scaffolding”. Her report, The Role of Tutoring in Problem Solving, found that encouraging students to challenge themselves to grasp new concepts within their ZPD leads to learning outcomes.
What is the framework in education?
It is a teaching process where an educator models or demonstrates how to solve a problem, then steps back and encourages students to solve the problem on their own.
The scaffolding class gives students the support they need by dividing learning into achievable sizes as they progress towards understanding and independence.
In other words, it’s like building a house. The crew used scaffolding to support the structure during construction. The stronger the house, the less the scaffolding is needed to hold it up. They support your students in learning new concepts. The more trust and understanding grow, the less support or scaffolding they need.
The difference between scaffolding and differentiation
Sometimes teachers mistake scaffolding for differentiation. But actually the two are quite different.
Differentiated teaching is an approach that helps educators adapt teaching so that all students, regardless of their abilities, can learn the subject matter. In other words, adapting the lessons to the needs of different learning styles.
Scaffolding is defined as breaking up learning into bite-sized pieces so that students can more easily handle complex materials. It builds on old ideas and connects them with new ones.
Use of scaffolding in the classroom
There are several ways to use scaffolding in the classroom.
- Model / demonstration: Use physical and visual aids to model the lesson and draw a complete picture of the lesson.
- Explain the concept in several ways: In the classroom, use staples like anchor charts, mind maps, and graphic organizers to allow students to make the connection between abstract concepts and to understand and read them.
- Interactive or collaborative learning: Make small groups responsible for learning and teaching part of the class. This is the core of effective learning and scaffolding.
- Build on previous knowledge: You can’t build until you know what concepts your students have mastered and where they need further instruction. This is a great opportunity to identify learning gaps. You can gauge where the students are with activities like mini-lessons, journal entries, frontloading concept-specific vocabulary, or just a short class discussion.
- Present the concept and talk it through: Here you model the problem, explain how to solve it and why.
- Discuss the concept further: Divide the students into small groups. Have them discuss the lesson together. Give them questions about the concept.
- Have the whole class participate in the discussion: Please cooperate with students. Discuss the concept in class and include all levels of understanding in the conversation to shed light on the concept.
- Give students time to practice: Have a couple of students come to the board and try to solve the lesson. Give them enough time to process the new information. This is also a good time to implement collaborative learning structures.
- Please understand: Here is your opportunity to see who has it and who needs more one-on-one conversations.
Advantages and challenges of scaffolding
Scaffolding takes time, patience, and judgment. If a teacher does not fully understand where a student stands in their understanding, they may not be able to enable the student to successfully learn a new concept. However, if done correctly, the scaffolding can provide a student with an enhanced depth of understanding and problem-solving skills. It also provides a fun, interactive, and engaging environment for the students to study in!